The origins of the Bernese Mountain Dog
The Bernese Mountain Dog probably descends from the Tibetan Mastiff, a breed prized by the Romans. This molossoid thus spread in Europe according to the conquests of the Roman legions. The Bernese Mountain Dog is also called Dürrbächler, from the name of Dürrbach, a village located near Bern, because it developed in Switzerland. The first subjects were unveiled in 1902, but it was not until 1910 that the breed was officially recognized.
The physique of the Bernese Mountain Dog
- height: 60 to 66 cm (female) or 64 to 70 cm (male);
- weight: 40 to 50 kg (female) or 50 to 60 kg (male);
- hair: medium to long, shiny and slightly wavy;
- hair colors: tricolor (black, white and red), white plastron;
- shape of the head: short and massive, the skull slightly domed and the nose black;
- eye shape and color: almond-shaped, dark brown and very bright;
- shape of the ears: the ears in the shape of a triangle, with rounded tips, and drooping;
- other particularities: black and bushy tail, powerful body, longer than high.
The character of the Bernese Mountain Dog
The Bernese Mountain Dog is an excellent guardian, and he knows how to be a good deterrent. It is also one of the breeds most empathetic dogs. It is therefore frequently used both to watch over the herds and as a search dog or guide for the blind.
Robust and intelligent, he is also affectionate – even exclusive – and patient. Enjoying family life, it is the ideal companion for young children. In contrast, he doesn’t like loneliness and can be destructive. This large dog needs space and gentle, but regular exercise, such as hiking. Endowed with a self-cleaning coat, it is normally satisfied with only one bath per year.
Bernese Mountain Dog Health
Although robust, the Bernese Mountain Dog can be affected by hip dysplasia, a common pathology in large dogs. To prevent the risk of joint pain, it is also recommended to make sure he’s not overweight. It is also essential to let it digest calmly after meals in order to prevent the risk of stomach torsion.
According to the study Risk Factors Associated with Development of Histiocytic Sarcoma in Bernese Mountain Dogs published in 2016, the Bernese Mountain Dog is predisposed to cancers, which kill nearly 6 out of 10 subjects. The most common is disseminated histiocytic sarcoma, affecting 35% of the population, according to the study Investigation of a screening program and the possible identification of biomarkers for early disseminated histiocytic sarcoma in Bernese Mountain dogs published in 2011.
The average life expectancy of the Bernese Mountain Dog is 10 years.
Bernese Mountain Dog Price
Count from 1200 to 1400 € for a Bernese Mountain Dog registered with the LOF, and up to 2000 € for the most prestigious lines.