According to the list of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, there are officially 342 dog breeds but there are others that are not yet recognized. The choice is therefore vast. Before adopting a dog, most people carefully check its characteristics and this is completely understandable. If you have a preference for small dogs, you can choose from the breeds listed below.
When we talk about a small dog breed, everyone thinks directly of the Chihuahua. Made famous by many celebrity owners, the Chihuahua is the smallest domestic dog in the world. He comes from the eponymous Mexican city and according to legend, he is the favorite companion of the Aztec princesses. Despite his small size, this happy and dynamic pooch is not intimidated by other dogs, whatever their size. There are long-haired Chihuahuas but they are less numerous than those with short hair. In general, they measure between 15 and 30 cm and weigh between 1.5 and 3 kg. They also have a life expectancy of up to 20 years.
The Japanese Spaniel
The Japanese Spaniel is a small dog of about 30 cm, the weight of which is usually between 3 and 4 kg. It is considered the most affectionate companion dog breed. He likes to have fun and his intelligence is one of his best assets. The Japanese Spaniel is also appreciated for its good humor and dynamism. Independent and displaying a very elegant air, it is one of the canine breeds most prized by the ancient royalty of Japan. It can live up to 14 years.
The Jack Russell
The Jack Russell takes its name from the English reverend, John Russel, the person who allowed it to exist. He is a terrier, a small hunting dog bursting with energy. Clearly, it is the ideal dog for very active people who like to go out in nature with their pet. Otherwise, he should be given plenty of exercise so that he can expend his energy and avoid frustration. Among the character traits that seduce the most in the animal, we can mention its loyalty and its intelligence. Regarding size, Jack Russells measure between 15 and 35 cm. For the weight, they weigh between 3 and 10 kg. Also, their life expectancy is between 12 and 14 years.
The Fox Terrier
Originally from England, the Fox terrier was known for its efficiency in chasing foxes and rodents from their burrows. Measuring between 33 and 39 cm, it often weighs between 6 and 9 kg. There are two types of Fox Terriers: smooth-haired and wire-haired. In any case, he is a very dynamic dog who stands out for his strong temperament. Courageous, intelligent, affectionate and faithful are also adjectives that define him perfectly well. Its head is easily recognizable thanks to its small flat skull, its muzzle which lengthens downwards, its well-muscled jaw and its small V-shaped drooping ears. Fox terriers can live up to 15 years.
The Shetland Sheepdog
The Shetland Sheepdog, also called Shetland or Sheltie, is a small dog measuring 33 to 41 cm and weighing between 6 and 12 kg. It originates from the Shetland Islands in northern Scotland where it was bred to herd sheep. Very sociable and very kind, this breed results from the crossing of dogs from the Shetland Islands and Collies. He is also recognized by his great dynamism and his intelligence which facilitates his training. Loyal Shetland Sheepdogs have a life expectancy of 12 to 13 years.
The Welsh Corgi Cardigan
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a breed that originated in Wales. It looks like a fox and measures between 25 and 33 cm as an adult. Despite its small size, it was used to herd cattle and sheep. Weighing between 14 and 17 kg, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is shy by nature towards people he does not know, but his loyalty to his master remains unrelenting. Intelligent, this cross of Cardigan and Pembroke is very easy to educate. In addition, you will appreciate his courage, his tenderness and his good humor. A healthy Cardigan Welsh Corgi can live up to 15 years.
The Prague Ratter
Measuring between 20 and 23 cm, the Prague Ratter is a breed of small dog originating from the Czech Republic where it is most widespread. He is affectionate, sociable, loyal and attentive, the ideal companion for children and homebodies. On the other hand, it is very sensitive to the cold. It weighs only between 1.5 and 3.5 kg and can live up to 14 years.